Saturday, January 10, 2009



(Nelumbium nelumbo Druce) Chronic water plant a beautiful, native of mainland Asia. Teratai dibudidayakan and swimming in the water, sometimes found growing wild in the swamps. Water plants that grow upright. Rimpang thick scaly, growing vine. Leaves and flowers out of direct rimpangnya a bound on the mud at the bottom of the pond. Blade width and rounded leaves, supported by a long stalk and rounded berdiameter 0,5-1 cm, 75-150 cm long. The leaves emerge to the surface water, such as vertical tower shield. Berlilin leaf surface; keputihan the color green, flat edge, the middle rather mencekung, bone leaves spread from the center to the edge leaves, 30-50 cm diameter. Fragrant flowers, grow tower above the surface of the water with the rod length and rounded solid, long flower stalk 75-200 cm. 15-25 cm diameter flower, stamen many of yellow pollen, flower crown width, there is a single and a double with pink, white and yellow. Flowers bloom day from morning until evening. After fading, crown flower berguguran until finally left the base interest rate will be the future fruit, shaped like inverted cone with a flat surface such spons and perforated contain 15-30 seeds, the color green colors, green and brown and finally black, diameter 6 -11 cm. The seeds of such as peanuts, there are holes in the fruit shaped like a wasp nest. The seeds that are old blackish green color, age approximately 1 month since the interest rates rise. Normal leaves used as wrapping, rimpang young and seeds can be eaten. Embraces Buddhism considers it as a symbol of purity, reflected in a variety of painting and sculpture that depicts the Buddha was sitting bersemedi on the lotus flower. Local Name: Padma, seroia, terate, tarate, taratai large.; Can Diobati Diseases: Diarrhea, dysentery, keputihan, nasopharynx cancer, fever, insomnia; Hypertension, vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing blood, heart disease; Tell-beri, headache, blood, feces and urine, anemia, ejakulasi; Composition: SIFAT chemical FARMAKOLOGIS AND EFFECT: The seeds: Keeping heart condition, useful to strengthen the spleen and kidney. Lotus seeds sprout: Eliminate heat in the heart, reduce heat, stop the bleeding, holding ejakulasi early. Skin lotus seeds: Stop the bleeding, remove heat in the stomach, removing the hot and humid from the gut. Benangsari (mustache lotus flower): remove heat from the heart, strengthen the kidney function, holding ejakulasi early and stop the bleeding. Buffer interest: Membuyarkan frozen blood, stop the bleeding, humid decline. Lotus stem (stalk leaf, flower stalk): Reduce heat and expedite urine. Leaf: Clearing heat and the humid, raising the clear, stop the bleeding. Basic leaves: Reduce the heat and humid, menormalkan menstruasi, strengthen pregnancy. Rimpang: Dimakan raw nutritious reduce heat, cool down the hot blood and blood membuyarkan frozen. When cooked, nutritious strengthen the spleen, the food tastes, penambah blood, muscle growth and help cure diarrhea. Roots: Stop the bleeding, blood clot membuyarkan, tranquilizer. Powder rimpang: Stop the bleeding, the blood, regulating the spleen and kidney. KANDUNGAN CHEMISTRY: Flowers: Quercetin, luteolin, isoquercitrin, kaempferol. Benangsari: Quercetin, luteolin, isoquercitrin, galuteolin, there are also alkaloid. Buffer interest (reseptacle): Protein, fat, carbohydrate, caroten, nikotinat acid, vitamin B1, B2, C, and contain little nelumbine. The seeds: Rich in starch, also containing raffinose, protein, fat, carbohydrates, calcium, phosphor and iron. Skin lotus seeds contain nuciferine, oxoushinsunine, N-norarmepavine. Lotus seeds sprout: Liensinine, isoliensinine, neferine, nuciferine, pronuciferine, lotusine, methylcorypalline, demethylcoclaurine, galuteolin, hyperin, routine. Rimpang: Pati, protein, asparagine, vitamin C. It also contains catechol, d-gallocatechol, neochlorogenic acid, leucocyanidin, leucodelphinidin, peroxidase, etc.. Roots: Zat tannic and asparagine. Leaf: Roemerine, nuciferine, nornuciferine, armepavine, pronuciferine, N-nornuciferine, DN-methylcoclaurine, anonaine, liriodenine, quercetin, isoquercitrin, nelumboside, citric acid, tartaric acid, malic acid, gluconic acid, oxalic acid, succinic acid, tannic substances , etc.. Basic lotus leaves: Roemerine, nuciferine and nornuciferine. Leaf stalk: Roemerine, nornuciferine, resin and tannic substances. Oxoushinsunine that are on the skin of lotus seed development nutritious pressing nose and throat cancer, while lotus seeds and stalk nutritious anti hypertension.

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