"In any country, we still find difficulty in rough-skinned orange. In fact the demand is not only coming from within the country. Especially, for the company based its production of rough-skinned orange, "Orange said of the rough-skinned Batu - Malang, Prambudi.
Of at least rough-skinned citrus in the country, because of lack of information about the opportunities and benefits in general. Perform rough-skinned citrus cultivation, Prambudi words, not as the be. He even the rough-skinned citrus cultivation, only have capital knee alias not much capital.
In the rough-skinned citrus cultivation, according to Prambudi, basically not much difference with the lime treatment in general. Implementation of some treatment that can be done, which are:
1. Branch Trimming
During the trimming process, some of the factors considered. For example, the calculation of benefits that include stability, plant productivity, the ability of living and quality of fruit, the development of pest and disease treatment and obstructed the garden.
This is also dibarengi with the trimming technique, the primary crop and crop maintenance. For basic barbershop, is the trimming is done after the plant has higher than 60 cm. This is done with the goal to get the branching and form a better tree, so that may be in optimal ease and garden care.
Cutting the main stem, the shoot, and the selection and maintenance of the main branch of the stage base trimming. While for crop maintenance, carried out simultaneously or after the harvest. The goal is to maintain the health, stability and quality of fruit production, and for the renovation and establishment of tree profiles.
2. Fruit thinning
Thinning on the fruit trees that have dense aimed to improve fruit quality and stability in the next harvest season. That is, the ideal time for the thinning is done at the time of fruit diameter reached 1-2 cm.
3. Terms grow
Given that, viability and productivity, optimum treatment depends on the plant growth, then there are several factors that need to be. For example, climate, planting media, and the altitude. For the climate, for example. Wind speed of more than 40-48% will merontokkan flowers and fruit, so that the alternative to the intensity and speed of the wind more than the standard level, higher plants should be planted windbreak row perpendicular to the direction of the wind.
Demikan case with the implementation of the planting media. Ideally for the rough-skinned orange, good soil is sandy loam to clay with enough humus, water governance, and good air. Soil type and Latosol andosol is also another alternative that is suitable for citrus cultivation.
Is also supported with the ground water level is at the optimal depth of 150-200 cm below the soil surface, where crops like citrus salt water containing about 10%. Citrus plants can grow well in areas with a slope of about 30 °. In the case where the height, the plant for this type of rough-skinned citrus can be grown both in the height of 1-400 m dpl.
The process of
As the seed requirements of rough-skinned citrus seedlings planted came from ordinary vegetative multiplication, which is a continuation shoot tip, where the system of regular in this area and land pesawahan cycle. However, if planted in the hilly area, you can use to create an alternative planting sengkedan.
While for the land to be planted, should be cleaned from other plants or the remains of plants. To measure the distance ideally planting 6 × 7 m, is adjusted to the rough-skinned citrus character growth. In making the planting hole need any special techniques, ie can only be applied to the land that is not processed within 2 weeks, in which the land separated from the top layer (up to 25 cm).
"With applications coming from the ground up and mixed layer manure. After planting, the land returned to the place of origin. Similarly with bedengan size m 1 × 1x1 is only made if the rough-skinned citrus area of land planted in rice, "said Prambudi.
Unlike the other types of plants, planting techniques citrus seedlings can be planted in the rainy season or dry season. But, according to Prambudi, should be planted at the beginning of the rainy season. After the seeds ditaman, siram secukupnya and given mulsa straw, coconut leaves or leaves that are free of disease in the surrounding areas. Mulsa place in such a way, that does not touch the stem to avoid stem rot.
As an alternative overlapping essence - be in production before the plant - the plant mixture can be planted, such as nuts or vegetables. After each canopy cover, plant mixture was replaced by grass or ground cover plants legum which also functions as penambah nitrogen for citrus plants. [santi]